Бібліографічні посилання Google АкадеміяHe includes substantial integration of evolutionary framework and connectionist models of cognitive science into the topics of more traditional learning texts. While the addition of an evolutionary framework is much appreciated and helps give the bigger picture context of how different learning mechanisms came to be, the extensive discussion of cognitive psychology and connectionist approaches within the text feels out of place at times. The connections between fields seem productive, but the extent of the connectionist model seems excessive and often feels tangential to the learning topics at hand. The book is extremely theory driven. Bouton does a nice job of providing varied examples in humans and animals, but the approach to learning is very much an academic rather than a practical one. A positive feature of the book is inclusion of examples that show how academics use learning theory to understand problems people face in life, but there is little explanation of how an individual person could take that information and apply it in their life. Some of the practical applications of learning most critical for students to understand in walking away from a learning class are noticeably missing from this text.
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Learning and Behavior
Adjunctive behaviors appear in the middle of a chapter on avoidance learning. Log In Sign Up. Yaru Lin marked it as to-read Apr 18, Want to Read Currently Reading Read.Enlarge cover. A model for Pavlovian learning: Variations in the effectiveness of conditioned but not of unconditioned stimuli. Fearful memories: The motivational annd of forgetting. The first chapter not only places learning theory in historical context but also summarizes what is to come.
He appreciates the approach espoused by Tolman, in which experiments are designed to distinguish between cognitive mechanisms and oth. Michelle added it Aug 24? Thomas R. Error rating book.
Psychological development and early childhood? Naloxone and shock-elicited freezing in the rat.
Bunting, Michael R. Chapter 2 addresses the idea that basic learning processes are designed to help an organism adapt to a changing world; in the process, it introduces the reader to a wide range of interesting examples of learning. Understanding the Nature of the Conditioned Response Two problems annd stimulus substitution Understanding conditioned compensatory responses Conditioning and behavior systems What does it all mean. Bouton .
Tidak ada komentar:? The book opens with a brief history that boutn the modern issues with their philosophical and biological roots. It will improve your expertise, and also encounter without spending even more. Trivia About Learning and Beha The book opens with a brief history that connects the modern issues with their philosophical and biological roots.
In two experiments with rat subjects, we examined the effects of a retention interval on performance in two conditioning paradigms in which a conditioned stimulus CS was associated with different unconditioned stimuli USs in successive phases of the experiment- Experiment 1 was designed to examine aversive-appetitive transfer, in which the CS is associated with shock and then food; Experiment 2 was designed to examine appetitive-aversive transfer, in which the CS is associated with food and then shock. Aversive and appetitive conditioned responses freezing and head-jerk responding, respectively were scored from videotape. In both experiments, a day retention interval following the end of Phase 2 caused a recovery of the Phase 1 response and a resuppression of the Phase 2 response. The results suggest that the original association is not destroyed when the CS is associated with a new US in Phase 2. They also suggest that both retroactive and proactive interference effects may result-from interference with performance output rather than a disruption or loss of what is learned during or stored from the target phase. Skip to main content Skip to sections.
Enlarge cover. Jan 23, Darlene Zech marked it as to-read. Michael added it Nov 09? Bouton in this short article.
Bouton in this short learniny. Some of the practical applications of learning most critical for students to understand in walking away from a learning class are noticeably missing from this text. Bromage, B. Original Title.