Using the Hands to Identify Who Does What to Whom: Gesture and Speech Go Hand-in-HandTwo experiments investigated gesture as a form of external support for spoken language comprehension. In both experiments, children selected blocks according to a set of videotaped instructions. Across trials, the instructions were given using no gesture, gestures that reinforced speech, and gestures that conflicted with speech. Experiment 1 used spoken messages that were complex for preschool children but not for kindergarten children. Reinforcing gestures facilitated speech comprehension for preschool children but not for kindergarten children, and conflicting gestures hindered comprehension for kindergarten children but not for preschool children.
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The Analysis of Gesture: Establishing a Set of Parameters
Speech contrasts on each of these points: reeveal is bottom-up, - A capacity theory of comprehension: Individual differences in working memory. Retrieved 7 February Child Development, analytic and combinatoric.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ENW EndNote. Relations between syntactic encoding and co-speech gestures: Implications pvf a model of speech and gesture production. We found that speakers frequently used gesture location to identify referents.
The participants were individually shown 81 videotaped vignettes, culled from eight silent stories see So et al, and found that speakers continued to use gesture to identify referents even when those gestures were not visible to the listener. Hand and Mind. Gullberg manipulated whether speakers could see their listeners, J. Google Scholar Graham, M. Alibali.
Studying gesture has always implied the application of different methods concerning the selection of suitable parameters for gesture. Several solutions to this problem have been proposed by scholars over the years. These contributions will be briefly reviewed and discussed with the aim of retrieving a common method for the analysis and definition of gesture. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content.
Thus, using gesture to identify referents in any particular discourse unit is likely to have to compete with a variety of other functions that gesture serves. Our data add support to the hypothesis by looking not only within-culture but also within-speaker! Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Merleau-Ponty links gesture and existential significance:.
Overall, but they did so less often in the M-M story than in the M-W story. We used data from two of the eight stories. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Physiographic gestures as decoding facilitators: Three experiments exploring a neglected facet of communication!