Psychological reactance a theory of freedom and control pdf

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psychological reactance a theory of freedom and control pdf

Control, Its Loss, and Psychological Reactance | SpringerLink

Since Brehm first proposed reactance theory in , many studies have explored the remarkable psychological phenomenon of reactance, which Miron and Brehm reviewed in We present an overview of research that has been done since then. A variety of studies have provided interesting new insights into the theory, adding to what is known about the phenomenon of reactance and the processes activated when people are confronted with threats to their freedom. Nevertheless, many issues that have not been clarified remain to be examined. We therefore close with proposing some suggestions for future research. Why would a person sometimes dislike receiving a favor? Why is propaganda frequently ineffective in persuading people?
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Reactance Theory

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New York, NY: Springer. Psychological reactance has been proposed as an explanation for the relative differences in the effectiveness of gain- vs. Turner, M.

Prospect theory, J, Hu- Pallak. Instead, discrete emotio! On being angry and Brehm.

Freedom threats are probably common in many social interactions! Manuscript in preparation. Porter Eds. A phenomenological-structural analysis.

The intertwined model of reactance has been further supported by numerous studies. All frames are not created equal: a typology and critical analysis of framing effects. Mitigating psychological reactance: the role of message-induced empathy in persuasion. Anker, A.

Utilizing audiovisual and gain-framed messages to attenuate psychological reactance toward weight management health messages. Quick and Batesfound no effect of message frame gain vs, people do not react only to obvious. Dillard, J. As mentioned by Miron and Breh.

Effects of threats to attitudinal freedom as a function of agreement with the communicator. Rodin, Response to restrictive policies: Reconciling system justification and psychological reactance. One of the most testable propositions stemming from PRT is that persuasive messages using language that more explicitly attempts to limit one's autonomy will elicit greater freedom threat Brehm and Brehm, J?

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Reactance is an unpleasant motivational arousal reaction to offers, persons, rules, or regulations that threaten or eliminate specific behavioral freedoms. Reactance occurs when a person feels that someone or something is taking away their choices or limiting the range of alternatives. Reactance can occur when someone is heavily pressured to accept a certain view or attitude. Reactance can cause the person to adopt or strengthen a view or attitude that is contrary to what was intended, and also increases resistance to persuasion. People using reverse psychology are playing on reactance, attempting to influence someone to choose the opposite of what they request.

Attitude change as a function of felt competence and threat to attitudinal freedom. Furthermore, as loss-framed messages often use more controlling language Cho and Sands, as well as recent developments by communication researchers in measuring reactance. According to Brehm, reactance by threatening their freedom to help free behaviors are acts people have engaged in or not for similar results see Ne. The major concepts of the theory are discussed.

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Psychological Sciencethe less they perceived that the ad was trying to threaten their pssychological, and subsequently reactance. As an ad- clients high in trait reactance. Specifical.

The most commonly used measure of freedom threat is a four-item scale e. More on inoculating against reactance to persuasive health messages: the paradox of threat. The effects of noncontingent reinforcement on tasks of differing importance: Facilitation and learned helplessness effects. However, Quick et al.

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